“Digital Credentials” are a type of digital representation of an earned academic achievement such as a degree, diploma, certificate, badge or micro-credential.
“Micro-Credentials” are rapid training programs that help people retrain and upgrade their skills to find new employment and access additional educational opportunities. Offered by colleges, universities, Indigenous Institutes and industry, micro-credentials are short in duration, can often be completed online, and are often designed for the specific needs of employers and jobs. They can also be taken in isolation or packaged together alongside degrees, diplomas, and certificates.
“Digital Micro-Credentials” are electronic certificates that prove the completion of a short-duration micro-credential focused on providing granular, employment-related skills training.
Self-Sovereign Identity (SSI)
“Self-Sovereign Identity” (SSI) is an approach to digital identification that puts control of digital credentials in a person’s own hands. It establishes trust between a learner and who they are sharing their details with, and guarantees the authenticity of the data and attestations, without the third party having to store any data. Key to this is the notion that a verifier’s trust in a credential issued is transferred to the credential holder – that is, to the person who earned the credential.
“Verifiable Credential” means a digital credential in which the data within can be verified (e.g., through cryptographic verification). It refers to any tamper-evident (cryptographically-signed) set of information that an authority claims to be true about the subject of the credential, which in turn enables the individual or organization to convince others of these truths.
Decentralized Identifier (DID)
Decentralized Identifier (DID) is a new type of digital identifier which is globally unique, highly available, and cryptographically verifiable. DIDs are currently being standardized at the W3C and, when deployed responsibly, can be extremely effective at preserving user privacy, enhancing transparency and consent, enabling data portability and enforcing user control.